I’ll sum it up in two concepts: “Playing God”, and “Unintended Consequences”
Researchers found that sites with the highest abundance of the native animals had the lowest shrub layer vegetation cover and a lower number of birds.
It is described as the first study of its kind in the UK to examine the possible impact of just one species of deer on the natural environment….Since 1995, the Deer Initiative – a partnership between statutory, voluntary and private organisations – has been looking at ways to establish and promote the “sustainable management of wild deer” in England and Wales.
In order to deliver an effective management policy, the partnership highlighted a number of challenges that needed to be addressed, including:
Deer often have specific impacts on vulnerable habitat as well as agriculture and forestry
The animals tend to range over large areas (beyond site boundaries) and need to be managed on a landscape scale, with collaboration between landowners
Ecologists warn that the threat from deer to woodlands consist of a number of factors, including a reduction in the growth and density of saplings, bark damage and a change in the composition of under-storey vegetation.
In England they used to shoot and eat them. Now look what they have!
This reminds me of all the forest conservation that lead to massive destructive wild fires, as small fires were not allowed to burn up the brush.